Core development / Related HOWTOs / Useful git commands
This HOWTO is aimed at people doing development, or debugging, of Bolt.
They are not recommended as installation guides especially for production environments.
WARNING: Always make backups!
This HOWTO makes the following assumptions throughout
- Bolt's main repository remote is called "
- Your personal fork of the
bolt/boltrepository remote is called "
X.Ynotation is used to refer the semantic versioning of "minor" and "patch" release numbers.
To clone the main Bolt repository, simply clone and name the remote repository.
mkdir /my/bolt/clone/directory cd /my/bolt/clone/directory # Note the dot at the end of the next line! git clone https://github.com/bolt/bolt.git . git remote rename origin upstream
You can now get changes for Bolt's main repository by simply pulling the branch your are tracking.
Following (tracking) a new branch¶
Tracking a (pre-)release branch is done by minor and patch numbers.
git fetch upstream git checkout -b X.Y upstream/X.Y
Firstly, this does a "fetch" of Bolt's main repository, meaning it retrieves the changes to git's database and updates its internal knowledge of upstream's branches, without applying them to your local branches.
The second command will then create the branch
X.Y as-at the current
HEAD commit on
What branch am I on?¶
A useful trick to keep in mind, to identify the branch you are on, you can use
git branch command.
It will output a list of your local branches, with the active (current) one
prefixed with a
feature/world-peace hotfix/issue-1555 master 2.2 3.0 * 3.1 3.2
Setting your Bolt fork as a remote¶
git remote add origin https://github.com/YourName/bolt.git
What remote repositories am I connected to?¶
git remote -v
Will show output similar to:
origin firstname.lastname@example.org:YourName/bolt.git (fetch) origin email@example.com:YourName/bolt.git (push) upstream https://github.com/bolt/bolt.git (fetch) upstream https://github.com/bolt/bolt.git (push)
Change status of current branch¶
To determine if your currently checked out git branch has uncommitted
git status is your friend.
Always keep this command in regular use.
If nothing has change the output will be similar to:
On branch hotfix/issue-1555 Your branch is up-to-date with 'origin/hotfix/issue-1555'. nothing to commit, working directory clean
git checkout X.Y
Updating a tracked branch¶
Updating a un-tracked branch from Bolt¶
git pull upstream X.Y
Updating master branch from Bolt's master¶
git checkout master git pull upstream master
Showing the changes to the current branch¶
These assume that you created the current branch from the starting point
Not that changes that have been pulled into the local branch your are comparing will also show.
To see an abbreviated list, or one commit per-line:
git log --oneline X.Y..HEAD
--oneline provides more verbose change logs.
File(s) that change¶
git diff --stat X.Y..HEAD
Will give some output similar to:
src/Application.php | 6 +----- src/Controller/Frontend.php | 11 ++++++++++- src/Stack.php | 18 ++++++++++++------
--stat will show the summary of differences to lines.