Performance Tuning / Introduction
Note: You are currently reading the documentation for Bolt 3.3. Looking for the documentation for Bolt 4.0 instead?
This page contains a few tips and pointers to optimize and tune your Bolt website when putting it 'live'. When developing Bolt, you usually have different settings than you would use in a production environment.
Regardless of how you 'deploy' a site with Bolt, you've undoubtedly bumped into
the nuisance of keeping environment specific settings in sync between your
development version, and the 'live' production site. To make this a bit easier,
you can use a
config_local.yml, that you can place right next to the 'regular'
config.yml. Any setting you make in this file, will overrule a setting made
If you use a version control tool like Git, you can put the
into the repository, but you shouldn't commit
config_local.yml. This way you
can bring most of the configuration under version control, but your database
credential isn't included.
You can edit this file through the Bolt backend as well, just like the regular
config. To get there, use the button on the edit screen for
Disable the debug toolbar, that gets appended to every page request. This toolbar shows a lot of useful information, but once a website is put into production, you should turn this functionality off:
Doing this shaves a few milliseconds off each request, so your site will become slightly faster.
The debug information is not visible to visitors who aren't logged in, but it's good practice to take extra precautions by disabling the toolbar.
debuglog is disabled as well, and Bolt is set to display no errors.
We do this, so that whenever something bad happens (like a database that
crashes, or the server has some malfunction), no sensitive information will be
shown to the visitors of the site.
debug_error_level: 8181 # error level when debug enabled production_error_level: 0 # error level when debug disabled debuglog: enabled: false
Check mail settings¶
Be sure to set up the mail settings correctly. If your site has any forms, make sure they still work. If possible, use a proper 'smtp' server, instead of PHP's plain 'mail()' fallback.
Set up thumbs¶
You can configure Bolt to save all requested thumbnails as files. To enable this feature, do the following:
- Create a folder
thumbsin the web root of your website, and make sure it's writable to the web server.
save_files: truein the
Doing this means that thumbnails will be saved as actual files, with the exact
same name as will show up in the url. By default Bolt caches the results of each
'thumbnail' request, so it doesn't have to resize images on each request, but
there is a certain overhead in this. If files are saved to
request to a thumbnail that's cached completely bypasses the PHP layer entirely,
which uses significantly less resources on the server.
Configure the backend path and other branding¶
The default path to the Bolt backend is
/bolt, but this can be configured in
config.yml. Doing this has a tiny benefit when it comes to security, because
bots and crawlers won't be able to use the default location to try for
passwords, but it also looks professional, for your clients.
The news shown on the dashboard can be pulled from an alternate source. Check https://news.bolt.cm/ for an example of how this source should look. If you use the bolt JSON extension (bolt/jsonaccess) as the source for the news you will also need to fill out the news_variable.
You can also customize the backend favicon and the various apple-touch-icons.
branding: name: Bolt path: /admin provided_by: [ email@example.com, "Supercool Webdesign Co." ] news_source: http://news.example.org news_variable: news favicon: /files/icons/favicon.ico apple-touch-icon: /files/icons/apple-touch-icon.png apple-touch-icon-72x72: /files/icons/apple-touch-icon-72x72.png apple-touch-icon-114x114: /files/icons/apple-touch-icon-114x114.png apple-touch-icon-144x144: /files/icons/apple-touch-icon-144x144.png
This is what it will look like in the Bolt backend:
Make sure Google can find the site¶
If you've used a
robots.txt to prevent Google from indexing the development
version of the site, make sure it's disabled in production.
To further increase the correct indexing of your site, make sure you have a
sitemap.xml, and that your HTML contains the required meta tags. Two
extensions to help with this are:
If your site is accessible on more than one URL, or just with and without the 'www.'-prefix, you should set the canonical manually, to prevent duplicate content in Google:
SQLite only: Running analyze on your database¶
If you are using SQLite you can run the
analyze; command on your database to
make expensive queries quicker. For more information on this please see the
issue on GitHub or the details in
the SQLite docs.
Optimize the autoloader¶
On complicated sites or slow servers, optimizing the autoloader can more than
halve the time needed for a request. Run
composer install -o in the bolt
directory to optimize your autoloader.
Putting it all together¶
Combining the tips mentioned above, here's a full example of what your
config_local.yml could contain.
# Database credentials. database: driver: mysql databasename: bolt username: database_user password: 'hunter42' # Canonical URL canonical: www.example.org # caching settings caching: config: true templates: true request: false duration: 10 authenticated: false # Thumbnail settings thumbnails: default_thumbnail: [ 160, 120 ] default_image: [ 1000, 750 ] quality: 80 cropping: crop notfound_image: bolt_assets://img/default_notfound.png error_image: bolt_assets://img/default_error.png save_files: true allow_upscale: false exif_orientation: true # Branding options branding: name: Bolt path: /admin provided_by: [ firstname.lastname@example.org, "Supercool Webdesign Co." ] news_source: http://news.example.org news_variable: news favicon: /files/icons/favicon.ico apple-touch-icon: /files/icons/apple-touch-icon.png apple-touch-icon-72x72: /files/icons/apple-touch-icon-72x72.png apple-touch-icon-114x114: /files/icons/apple-touch-icon-114x114.png apple-touch-icon-144x144: /files/icons/apple-touch-icon-144x144.png # Debug settings debug: false debug_error_level: 8181 # error level when debug enabled production_error_level: 0 # error level when debug disabled debuglog: enabled: false # Mail options mailoptions: transport: smtp spool: true host: localhost # username: username # password: password port: 25 encryption: null auth_mode: null